Friday, August 21, 2020

A Farewell to Arms Free Essays

All through the novel, A Farewell to Arms, Ernest Hemingway built up a particular order and conduct for a genuine Hemingway â€Å"code hero†. In spite of the fact that there are numerous characters in the novel, every last one of them had a comparative or differentiating normal for a â€Å"code hero†. While Frederic Henry turned into a genuine â€Å"code hero† before the finish of the novel, Catherine Barkley was a superior case of a â€Å"code hero† over the span of the novel. We will compose a custom exposition test on A Farewell to Arms or then again any comparable theme just for you Request Now Hemingway’s meaning of a code legend expressed that there were numerous characteristics, some more significant than others, required so as to be named a genuine â€Å"code hero†. The most significant attributes required to be a genuine Hemingway â€Å"code hero† like Catherine Barkley are courage, indecency, and order. As per the Hemingway hero’s reasoning, a genuinely courageous â€Å"code hero† was an apathetic individual, who acknowledged the dread of a circumstance and didn't grumble about it. â€Å"I’m not somewhat apprehensive. It’s only a filthy trick.† This was all that Catherine said without further ado before she kicked the bucket. Be that as it may, Catherine passed on as per her perspective on what the fearless ought to do in death as throughout everyday life. A daring individual ought to just not notice their dread of the passings that they have experienced. Demise was the finish of everything and life was committed to presenting oneself to a wide range of physical joys, which were the prizes a Hemingway legend would make progress toward throughout everyday life. Catherine excused the conventional ideas of ethical quality and built up her own arrangement of virtues. In light of her self-made qualities, she didn't wed at this point, she was pregnant and didn't need the youngster to be purified through water. As it were, Helen Ferguson was the living image of the customary ideas of profound quality. She detested Frederic since he and Catherine were not hitched however kept on imagining as though they were. Helen felt this wasn't right and that they ought to have been hitched particularly since Catherine was pregnant. This debate with Helen just further outlined the way that Catherine was a non-conventionalist to the customary virtues of the day. The most significant trademark expected of a Hemingway hero† was discipline. Self-control was a worth, which becomes out of one’s fundamental being. When Frederic needed to come back to the front, Catherine didn’t even cry or show any failure about his leaving. This was a superb case of the order of declining to be enthusiastic about an occasion. In the event that a â€Å"code hero† ever communicated any feeling, they would regularly be embarrassed about having done as such. Despite the fact that she was associated with the war since she was an attendant, Catherine never talked about the assaults of war or communicated any inclination toward the war. Talking was viewed as emotionalism, which included reasoning. A Hemingway saint was not a scholar but rather an individual of activity. Catherine Barkley exemplified the â€Å"code hero† by having an extraordinary feeling of grit, her own feeling of corruption, and her own feeling of order. A Hemingway saint must be bold even with threat, must push aside the customary virtues, and must have control to shut out obvious feeling. These qualities were only a couple of the numerous that a Hemingway â€Å"code hero† must have. While each â€Å"code hero† may have had comparative characteristics, when and how each detail was found fluctuates incredibly from character to character. Not at all like Frederic Henry, Catherine had these characteristics from the earliest starting point of the novel, which drove Hemingway to make Catherine Barkley as the genuine Hemingway â€Å"code hero†. The most effective method to refer to A Farewell to Arms, Papers

Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Biggest Mistakes Made by Freelancers (and How to Avoid them)

Biggest Mistakes Made by Freelancers (and How to Avoid them) For those of us who have been freelancers for a while, you can attest that it’s quite easy to make mistakes that can compromise your work and relationships with your clients. With minimal accountability and no one to delegate duties to, it is very easy to ruin an entire project and ruin your reputation, rocking the boat with your client.Chances are, if you have been freelancing for a while you have made quite a number of mistakes and if you are new to freelancing, chances are you will make yours in time.The truth is, even with a lot of guidance from the internet, ease of work due to technological advancements, and easily available information, there are errors that human beings are just prone to. As the old adage goes…  Human is to Error and mistakes are a part of our growing process.As a freelancer, some of the mistakes you will make will be small, for example, minor typos in your text, while other bigger ones may be detrimental to your career.The bottom line is mistakes have th e potential to set you back and damage your business.However, there is no reason to be too hard on yourself, mistakes will be made even in a conventional 9 to 5 job. The important thing is that you learn from each mistake in order to become a better freelancer and entrepreneur. In order to ensure that you don’t commit some of the most significant career-endangering mistakes, this article has compiled some of the biggest mistakes made by freelancers and how to avoid them yourself.You are receiving advice from someone who has made quite a number of the mistakes we will be discussing so pay attention and by the end of this article you will be able to avoid these costly errors in order to have a fruitful freelance career.BENEFITS OF BEING A FREELANCERThere are numerous reasons why a person will forgo a contemporary 9 to 5 job to become a freelancer. Its an idea, I am sure, you flirted with before, that’s why you’re reading this article right? You must also have/have had a lot of skepticism about the sustainability of this type of career right?The number of people and businesses hiring freelancers is on the rise because people are beginning to realize the benefits of freelancing and contracting remote expertise as opposed to hiring a permanent workforce. F reelancing is a very viable and attractive option for many people with key skills that are in demand in various markets today.But let’s forget about employers for now and focus on the freelancers (employees) themselves. What are some of the benefits of being a freelancer?FlexibilityIn my experience, we all have different productive hours. Some people are most productive during the day and can therefore handle a 9 to 5 job while other people like myself are most productive at night and these might be suited for a night shift job. There is also another category of people who have irregular and random productivity hours.Despite which category you fall under, whether you work better during the day, at night, or randomly, being a freelancer gives you the freedom and flexibility of adjusting your work schedule to accommodate your most suitable working period. Being a freelancer also allows you the freedom to abruptly interrupt the schedule you have in place.For example, your brother cal ls and says he will be in town with his new fiancée for a few hours and wants you all to have a long lunch to get to know each other. As a freelancer you will be able to readjust your schedule to fit in your lunch date while it would be impossible in a conventional job.Work-Life BalanceDue to the flexibility that freelancing offers, you are able to work from virtually any location. Whether you are at home, school, the train, a café… you can casually proceed with your tasks.This allows you a better work-life balance because it allows you to spend more time with your family, kids, friends, girlfriend/boyfriend… Freelancing offers you enough flexibility to do activities you love more often and spend time with the people who matter without having to compromise work.Higher PayIn a conventional 9 to 5 job, yes you understand that your employer must have worked really hard for several years to establish his business and place himself in the position that he is in.However, I am sure i t has crossed your mind that what your employer is charging clients and what he is paying you is significantly disproportional. It is quite possible that your employer is charging the clients over five times what he pays you.However, as a freelancer, you will be able to charge your client the exact worth of your work and pocket the profit after catering for expenses without having to be undercut by an employer. Additionally, as a freelancer, there is no monthly or weekly cap on your salary, your work is rewarded pro rata, that is, you are rewarded in accordance to the quality and quantity of your work.Therefore, the better the quality if your work and the more hours you put in, the higher your pay will be.AutonomyLet’s be honest, human beings value their freedom and you and I are no different. We love to be in control and we hate knowing that someone is in a position to boss us around simply because they are paying us.As a freelancer, you are answerable only to yourself… well th at is until you have completed your task, which is subject to review by your client, but other than that there is no supervisor constantly breathing down your neck from 9 to 5.As a freelancer, you get to plan your own time and do your work in comfortable independence and at the end of the day, it makes you feel good. This kind of autonomy is motivational, and when you are motivated you only need a little discipline, honesty, and consistency to excel in your work and maintain good client relations.Constant LearningGrowing in knowledge is extremely important, even as I’m writing this article you might think that I’m the teacher but I’m also realizing mistakes that I have been making as a freelancer.Also, in my time as a freelancer I have also gotten to learn diverse topics from fields I would have probably never encountered had I chosen a conventional line of work. For example, a website developer will spend decades doing the same kind of work, expanding knowledge in his field a s the times change but never knowing what ‘content production’ is all about.Being a freelancer keeps you on your toes, always expanding your skill set in order to be able to grow your client base by being proficient in different fields. Freelancing also keeps you on your toes in the sense that you have to keep up with changing market trends lest you risk becoming redundant in this field of work.Acquiring new and valuable information and learning new skills is beautiful and even if you ever decide to take up a conventional 9 to 5 job, your skill set will be so diverse you will be better positioned to land a job in comparison to a person who has persisted in a single field.Freelancing also teaches you important life skills that you might never acquire in a regular job. Have you ever wondered why certain people have good well-paying jobs that they maintain yet can’t seem to hold their personal life together?Well, once you have been a freelancer, you realize the importance of time , strategy, and discipline, which are applicable across all aspects of life. These people are able to hold the job because someone is always monitoring them and they’d hate to lose their job. But when it comes to life beyond work, you realize that it wasn’t discipline keeping them employed but fear.So when no one is looking they become reckless because the discipline isn’t inherent in them. Maintaining a happy client in such an autonomous working environment demands that you stay disciplined in your work and deliver high quality projects without anyone having to push you or threaten your job security. As a freelancer, you eventually adopt these qualities, ensuring your success not just in your work, but in your day-to-day life.Job SecuritySpeaking of job security… ordinary employees will constantly stress over theirs, wondering whether one mistake could be their last and wondering what the increasing unavailability of jobs in the market could mean to them. Ordinary employees will therefore hold on to their jobs regardless of whether or not they are satisfied in order to keep receiving that monthly salary.On the other hand, being a freelancer gives you the liberty to choose which clients to work with and which one to set aside while simultaneously allowing you to play a role in setting the terms of the contract as well as the payment plan with the client you choose to work with.Escaping Toxic EnvironmentsMost of us have been there, sour relationships, fake smiles, gossip, bullying, name it… all these things will be found in just about any work environment. Granted all of the above will be found even outside of the work environment but the difference between the outside world and the work environment is that you can choose to stay clear of these situations in the outside world.In a conventional job, however, you are stuck in this environment for about 8 hours in 5 or 6 days out of the week. And you wonder what causes work-related stress?It is even wors e for you if the person propagating such a toxic environment is your senior. However when you are a freelancer you have the power to create whatever kind of environment is most suitable for you.Maybe you like loud music around you when you are working, or you prefer to be out in nature, or you prefer the comfort of your own room… whatever your preference is, as a freelancer no one will be there to confine you to an environment you are not comfortable in, you get to choose your ideal environment.10 BIGGEST MISTAKES MADE BY FREELANCERS AND HOW TO AVOID THEMNobody’s perfect, unless you believe in a higher deity. Were all susceptible to mistakes and if were wise we learn from them, however, the wisest of us learn from the mistakes of others.‘A smart man learns from experience, a wise man learns from the mistakes of others.’   UnknownAgain, pay attention and internalize the mistakes we are about to discuss and especially be keen on how you can prevent yourself from making them wh ether you have fallen victim to them before or not.‘The only true wisdom is knowing that you know nothing.’   SocratesAs mentioned, as a freelancer, some mistakes will be more costly than others. In this part of the article I have compiled the mistakes I feel are the most detrimental to your freelancing career and client relationships.Let’s have a look at these mistakes, what you can learn from them, and how you can avoid them.Missing deadlinesThis is probably the biggest mistake you can make as a freelancer. Your ability to schedule your work and meet the deadlines set by your client is of the utmost importance.You, might be thinking, so what if you do not meet deadlines, isn’t it more important for you to deliver quality?   True, the quality of your work is very important but this does not mean that the client doesn’t expect that same high quality work at the agreed upon time, after all, it’s what he is paying for isn’t it?Apart from the skills you bring to the table , as a freelancer, your reputation is everything. If you miss your deadlines too often your clients will eventually look for more timely candidates who are equally capable of delivering high quality projects. And as a freelancer, your reputation is all you have.So what can you do to avoid missing deadlines and still deliver high quality projects on or ahead of time?First, set your own deadline, significantly shorter than the one issued by your client. Then proceed to break down your project into smaller projects and make sure you meet the deadline for each mini-project. This way even if you miss your own deadline by a little bit of time you are still within the client’s deadlines with even more time to ensure that the quality of the project is up to standard.Yes you might argue that you work best under pressure, maybe so, but that last-minute rush almost guarantees that you will miss the agreed upon deadline and possibly compromise the quality of your work. If this becomes the cas e, you ruin both your client relations, ruining your reputation in the market, and cut down on your chances of securing work in the future.   Deadlines are there for a reason, and clients prefer reliable employees who deliver quality in a timely manner, time after time.Slacking Off‘No matter how you feel, get up, get dressed, and show up.’   Regina BrettYou know one of those days you wake up and just don’t feel like doing anything?Of course you do, even the most successful and hardworking people who just don’t seem to take a day off have them too. The difference is that they have mastered discipline enough to power through this feeling and get themselves into the rhythm to get things done.Yes freelancing allows for flexibility and you can make up for one lazy day on another day but don’t let this become a routine. This will lead to lower and delayed income on your part and a tainted reputation with your client because you’ll definitely miss your deadlines in the process. What can you do to avoid making this mistake?One word… Discipline… Assure yourself that you are not going to slack off at any period that you had scheduled for work unless it is due to an absolutely unavoidable circumstance that inhibits you from working right then.Say… you have a family emergency that you must attend to, or suddenly your computer crashes… solid reasons, but never miss your scheduled work period simply because you ‘didn’t feel like working right then’. Push yourself to get to work when you had planned to no matter how you feel, and as T.D Jakes says, ‘Motivation is Overrated’, get up and start and once you are in the motion you will wonder why you didn’t feel like getting to it in the first place.It might be hard at first, but practice this every time you feel like slacking off and in no time it will come easily to you. However, if you still feel like slacking off, it may be time to reassess your work schedule and see when you are most productiv e in order to make the most profit and maintain good client relationships.EntitlementAs a freelancer, you are more or less your own boss. However, what you may not realize is that this freedom and authority over yourself can go to your head. In fact, in all possibility, you have become a freelancer to escape authority, am I right?However, having no authority can set you up for failure and you may end up feeling entitled, feeling as though you are unique and that the client needs you and the skill you have to offer. And you might be thinking… but they do? Yes, sure they do… but you need them as well. This is a relationship, and like any other relationship, you deserve nothing more than you give, so don’t fall in the trap of feeling entitled. How do you avoid falling into this trap?Focus on cultivating a healthy, mutually respectful, and mutually beneficial relationship with your client. Place focus on the relationship just as much as you focus on the projects that you are worki ng on.You can do this by striving to be a responsible, likable, and dependable person, and in most cases this is often more important than the skills you have to offer because there is always going to be another freelancer out there with equally desirable skills. So what is your unique selling point? What will make the client want to work with you as opposed to others?Work on your attitude, be personable, be understanding, be cooperative, be likable, keep the relationship enjoyable, and always remember no one owes you a thing, you get what you give.Poor CommunicationThis is another detrimental mistake. Poor communication leaves your client feeling worried and out of the loop, wondering whether his investment in you was a waste of time, and in doubt about your dependability and ability to deliver.Like all relationships, good communication is a key element for a healthy relationship. If you want to maintain a great client relationship that keeps both you and your client happy, keep ta lking to them, update them on the progress of the project and any hurdles you might have encountered along the way.Phone them, email them, have online chats and video chats, arrange for regular meetings, and show them why they chose to hire you in the first place. Also keep communication open, where the client can reach you at any time and cultivate a friendly, happy, and approachable communication culture.However, be careful not to overstep to the extent where you give the client the impression that you are unprofessional. Getting too personal with your client could also be detrimental in the sense that one of you might end up getting hurt along the way resulting in a sour and irredeemable relationship. So while communication should be open and friendly, make sure to maintain a nice balance between casual and professional.Staying with a Hostile ClientYes, it’s true; it’s your job to keep the client happy. But this is still a relationship remember?Relationships are a two way str eet and there are many factors that can make a client a bad, or rather the wrong client for you.   This may be inclusive of their working style, their unwillingness to cooperate or assist when there is a hurdle, they’re difficulty, their pay rate, how difficult they are, unreasonably stringent deadlines, their communication style…It could be anything really. What can you do?Be aware that when you choose the wrong client, you will be unhappy, less motivated, make less money, essentially exposing yourself to the toxic work environment that you should be shielded from as a freelancer. Just like clients select freelancers carefully, also select your clients very carefully, do your research on them, observe their communication style at first instance, carefully consider their expectations and then decide if they are the best fit for you and if they are worth the hassle.When you work on your first project, let it be on a trial basis and if you end up feeling that they are not a good f it for a particular reason, talk to them about it and to see how this can be mitigated. If after communicating your concerns they are unwilling to adjust, then it might be time to consider other options.As a freelancer, you know specifically how you are looking to benefit, so the best advice is to internalize on this and decide what kind of client provide it and go for exactly that.No Work-Life BalanceWhen you are a freelancer, its easy to get lost in your work, where all you think and talk about is your business. While your work is absolutely important, letting it take over all your life and going at it every waking hour is not so advisable.Even the most hardworking and focused people need some downtime. When you find your work taking over your life and affecting your relationships with the important people in your life it’s time to review your work schedule.Although freelancing allows you to earn more depending on the hours you put in, it is also unhealthy to spend every waking hour at work. So how can you go about this?Establish a balance between your work and your life and place equal priority on your down time as you do on your work, create time in your schedule to do things you enjoy. Have you ever noticed that your speed and effectiveness reduces with each hour you stay at work? Have you considered that maybe you need a break to refresh your mind? A close friend of mine once told me something I have found to be true, ‘Focus on being productive rather than being busy.’The easiest way to do this is to create a well-balanced schedule. This does not necessarily have to model a 9 to 5 job, you don’t have to take breaks in conventional hours, just make sure your schedule is consistent, regularly reboots your mind, allows you to maintain healthy relationships, and maintains a good productivity level so you get things done more effectively.Breaking PromisesThis is another detrimental mistake you can make as a freelancer. Please do not promise anything y ou are not sure you can deliver. It’s understandable that you want to keep your client happy and prove that you are reliable and efficient but every time you give a client high expectations only to let them down it works against you.You come off as dishonest, inconsistent, and unreliable instead. You begin to acquire a very negative reputation. How can you avoid making this mistake?Sometimes you might be making promises that you think are attainable, but I have found that the most effective way to deliver every time is to first listen to the client and understand what they need.Once you have understood this, carefully consider whether you can deliver and if there are factors that might delay you communicate them immediately to the client and come to an agreement that is comfortable for the both of you.If you find yourself falling behind on a deadline for whatever reason, speak to your client about it, keep those communication lines open, it’s far much better to be honest. Also k eep in mind, it’s always better to under state your delivery and over deliver as opposed to giving high expectations and under-performing.StrategyWe inferred the importance of scheduling earlier… jumping right into work without a plan is one of the worst things you can do. As a freelancer you have no one there to monitor you and it’s easy to fall prey to your own chaotic schedule to the point where you’re not really being efficient in your work. What can you do?A good work strategy does not imply that you have to be behind a screen 24 hours a day, all it means is that you have to create a consistent work schedule based on the hours in which you find yourself being most productive. It makes no sense being behind your computer but feeling so unmotivated you find yourself playing solitaire instead. Everyone works differently so think about what works for you and base your whole work routine on that.A consistent and strategic schedule disciplines both the mind and body to work w hen its time. Set regular work hours and ensure that you stick to them even on days when you may not be feeling driven. Remember, being a freelancer gives you great freedom, but that also makes you your own boss, so keep yourself in check like your supervisor would in an ordinary work setting.‘With great power comes great responsibility.’   Peter ParkerUndervaluing your WorkAnother common mistake made by freelancers is failing to charge enough for their services. While you may be fairly new and inexperienced in freelancing, which may be a contributing factor to a low fee, be very careful not to get exploited by clients. Remember most clients are also conducting their own business and just like any business, they are looking to maximize profit. What to do?Be confident in your skills, be diligent in your work, build your reputation, and demand a fee that’s worth the quality of services you’re providing. Also keep an eye out on the particular market segment that you are working in and familiarize yourself with the competitors’ prices to make sure you’re not being undercut.If you do not figure out the pay you deserve as early as possible, you will grow your career at a slower pace than more aware freelancers and you may even find yourself being discouraged in your work because, let’s be honest, it’s natural for human beings to desire growth and progress in, not just in our careers, but in every aspect of our lives, right?If you feel that you have honed your skills and that you have mastered discipline in your work ethic to a point here you are absolutely reliable, you deserve good pay and don’t be afraid to demand it. Don’t settle for less.Rainy Day FundWhen you’re making more money than you had anticipated, coupled with the apparent job security that freelancing offers you, it is easy to get carried away and spend everything you earn under the notion that, ‘I’ll make more anyway.’Also keep in mind that freelancing isn’t a conventiona l job where you have a fixed salary, freelancing compensation will fluctuate from period to period. One month you will make 500$ and the next you’ll make 100$, what will you do during those tough times if you had not saved for a rainy day?You might argue that the point of making money is to spend it…And at its most fundamental, that is true. However, remember to spend your money responsibly. By spend responsibly I do not mean invest every last dime on investment, it’s okay to spend a little of it on leisure activities, just ensure that the bulk of it is being put to good use, in a way that it can serve you in the future.As a freelancer, don’t just work to survive, work to better your life and make the future even brighter for yourself and your family/future family. Train yourself to set a small amount aside in your bank account and begin a retirement plan, no matter how young you are right now. You have heard the phrase ‘Time Flies’ It’s true. Just like you look back a nd remember being 9 years old, one day you’ll look back at this moment when you’re 60. It’s never too early to start planning for the future.CONCLUSIONTell me… are you guilty of making some of the mistakes we have discussed? I have certainly made a couple of them myself… but that’s how we grow and as mentioned before, the important thing is that we figure out how to avoid repeating them.Being a freelancer is great, don’t be discouraged if you have made mistakes, we are human and we are bound to fall every once in a while. Wake up, get back on the horse and keep riding, the fall is just as fun as the ride if you choose to see the good that can come out of it.Making mistake doesn’t mean that you have failed, keeping up with the mistake is what will lead to failure. The key to success in the freelance world is identifying the mistake, evaluating it, and taking steps to ensure that the mistake doesn’t happen again.This article does not guarantee that you will never mak e a mistake again as a freelancer but it does make you aware of the most common mistakes that freelancers, including myself, have made in the past so you can hopefully avoid making the same. The advice given here will help you shelter your reputation to a large extent, protect your freelance business, and enable you to grow faster than your counterparts who were not fortunate to receive such invaluable advice.Note, however, that these are not the only mistakes you can make as a freelancer. Monitor your clients’ needs and ensure that you are constantly and consistently delivering on those needs. This is the only way to avoid making other mistakes that may not have been included in our discussion. It is your job to keep the client happy and satisfied… and it is also your job to ensure that you’re satisfied with the arrangement that you and your client have.You increase your chances of success every time you fix a mistake. Do not wait for a mistake to really affect your work for you to wake up. Catch your mistakes before they become a real issue for your freelance career. Use the guidance of this article to catch your own mistakes and take action today. You deserve the life you dream of… avoid these common mistakes and you will thrive as a freelancer, which will propel you towards the achievement of your goals both in career and in life. Good luck!

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Jane Austen s Northanger Abbey - 1920 Words

Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey is a novel that features vibrant character development but the biggest development is that which occurs in Catherine Morland. Catherine’s character nearly develops in all components of her being and she is able to evolve from the unorthodox â€Å"heroine† that she is initially described as. In the novel, Catherine starts out as an incredibly naà ¯ve and inexperienced girl who confuses all facets of the real world as the plot in a Gothic novel. Catherine develops as a character through her social interactions with those around her as it helps her gain experience with how to correctly perceive the world. With her newly gained experience of her surroundings, Catherine develops and is able to see the real world through a social lens rather than her own subjective lens or that of a Gothic lens. Catherine’s growth is evident in the very first line of the novel as it states â€Å"No one who had ever seen Catherine Morland in her infancy would have supposed her born to be an heroine. Her situation in life, the character of her father and mother, her own person and disposition, were all equally against her† (37). Catherine’s lowly heroine figure is made known instantly so that her development is much more apparent at the end of the novel. From the start of the novel Catherine is not a typical heroine, she is unorthodox in all facets of her life including the status of her parents. Catherine is initially also an incredibly naive character and this fuels herShow MoreRelatedGothic Elements:The Castle of Otranto by Walpole and a Scene in Jane Austens Northanger Abbey1334 Words   |  6 Pagestraditional gothic characters and parodies is not a new subject but a very interesting dynamic. 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In this dynamic, Catherine remains pure, engaged to a poor clergyman, whereas her friend IsabellaRead MoreSummary Of Their Walk 1009 Words   |  5 Pagesnovel on their walk, she thinks base off John Thorpe s saying, that Henry don’t read novels and because is not clever enough for them and gentlemen read better books (Austen, Chapter 14). After Henry clarifies he likes the book, Catherine changed her thought and expressed this, â€Å" I am very glad to hear it indeed, and now I shall never be ashamed of liking Udolpho myself. But I really thought before, young men despised novels amazi ngly.† (Austen, Chapter 14). These details from the novel describedRead MoreThe Social Fabric Of Late Eighteenth- And Early Nineteenth Century England2017 Words   |  9 Pages Jane Austen s novel is principally concerned with the social fabric of late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century England, a patriarchal society in which men held the economic and social power. In an often satirical portrait of the men and women attempting to gain a livelihood, Austen ironically points out faults in the system, raising questions about the values of English society and the power structure of the country. The novel is also engaged in an ideological debate that drives itsRead More Genteel People and Honest Hearts in Jane Austens Emma Essay examples1575 Words   |  7 PagesEmma:   Genteel People and Honest Hearts  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In Emma, Jane Austen gives us ‘only the surface of the lives of genteel people’?   Though not necessarily a commonly used term today, the meaning of ‘genteel people’ is easily assumed. Good birth and breeding are not necessarily the only ‘qualities’ of genteel people: simple generosity, courtesy and elegance can also apply, as well as marriage into the class. The majority of the characters in Emma to some extent expand this definition to provideRead MoreEssay on Jane Austin and Pride Prejudice1457 Words   |  6 PagesJane Austin is currently known today as one of the women who first developed the ideas related to feminism (Abrams). Jane’s work became prevalent in English literature during time of transition from neo-classicism to romanticism (Abrams). She was influenced by a number of other literary figures of her time, and by the society in which she lived. Her writing sometimes reflected earlier writers, whom she s ometimes mocked because they always portrayed a perfect world in their writing and the world wasRead More Essay on Mr.Woodhouse and Miss Bates in Jane Austens Emma1648 Words   |  7 Pageslack of cant pleasant rather than overbearing. In the first part of the book, Miss Bates serves not only as the anti-snob, but also the anti-Emma. Whereas Emma is described at the outset as being handsome, clever, and rich, Miss Bates enjoy[s] a most uncommon degree of popularity for a woman neither young, handsome, rich, nor married. Nor, obviously, clever. Life has denied her everything that Emma has been granted; and how does Emma treat her, and speak of her to others? Shabbily, of course

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Finance - 5383 Words

FINANCE 2 ASSINGMENT 2011-2012 Nikesh Hindocha (10044607) Part A. Introduction As part of my assignment, I have been asked to discuss the following statement â€Å"Mergers and acquisitions can be value destroyers or value creators†. A merger can be defined as when two equal businesses in terms of profit margin and status, combine in order to become one legal entity. Initially, the fundamental reason for this merge is to produce a company that is worth more than the sum of its parts. An acquisition is where one company acquires a controlling interest in another company. The combination of these unequal companies can produce the same or even more benefits as a merger would. In different cases, these mergers and†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Building profitable businesses creates value. The board of directors and management’s primary responsibility is to increase company value and shareholder wealth. Shareholders invest in businesses seeking a significant return on their investment. They expect the reward to be appropriate for the business and financial risks of an unsure future. â€Å"Article: The Key to Creating Shareholder Value Knowledge Begins with Simple Cigar Box Accounting†)[2.]. The strategies and approaches employed by the company will help determine if the business has created value for the shareholder. In the case of Cadbury Schweppes, where the significant aim was to increase shareholder value, their primary aim is to focus on growth markets, improving brands and innovation in order to gain their objectives. (Source- annual report, 2000 Cadbury Schweppes) Value Destroyers Even though the fundamental objective for mergers and acquisitions is to create value, there may be factors involved that cause the value to be destroyed. It is believed that the prime component of why acquisitions fail is due to the fact that they paid too much to control it, which in turn leaves them with huge debts. The buyer may find that the premium they paid for the acquired company s shares (the so-called winner s curse) wipes out any gains made from the acquisition (Henry 2002). The differences in corporate culture play a substantial role in theShow MoreRelatedFinance1352 Words   |  6 Pagesfinancial manager differ from the traditional financial manager? Does the modern financial managers role differ for the large diversified firm and the small to medium size firm? The traditional financial manager was generally involved in the regular finance activities, e.g., banking operations, record keeping, management of the cash flow on a regular basis, and informing the funds requirements to the top management, etc. But, the role of financial manager has been enhanced in the todays environment;Read MoreFinance1074 Words   |  5 PagesCORPORATE FINANCE COURSE CORPORATE FINANCE 2.1 Working Capital Management Sept. 2014 Ir Frank W. van den Berg mba Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam ALYX Financial Consultancy bv, Aerdenhout FWvdB/2014 1 OUTLINE CORPORATE FINANCE FWvdB/2014 †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ Basics Guiding principles †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ Time value of money + Capital Budgeting †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ Valuation of CF + Bonds †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ Valuation of shares (+ co.’s) †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ Financial Analysis (Ratios) †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ Financial Planning (EFN) †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¯ à  Ã¯Æ'   Working Cap. Mgt. (A/R,Read MoreThe Finance1054 Words   |  5 Pagesrequires intentional short-term and long-term planning. 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(1985), long-term finance provi ders are more likely to focus on the matter whether the financial structure in the company is sound or not and the durability of profitabilityrather than temporary profits that a potentiallyRead MoreFinance, Economics, And Finance Essay1245 Words   |  5 Pagesalso studied business, management, economics, and finance. These courses impressed upon me the importance of the financial sector in the economy. Finance professionals have the unique responsibility of managing assets and analyzing risks to ensure the future success of a company or organization. It is difficult to overstate the importance of this role, as the financial crisis of 2009 showed. It is due to my understanding of the importance of finance and investment, coupled with my longstanding interestRead MoreFinance : Finance A Carry Trade1144 Words   |  5 PagesIn finance a carry trade is a strategy that consists of borrowing at a low interest rate currency to fund investment in higher yielding currencies. (Moffett) Th e country in which the investors borrow from is called the funding country and the country where the investment occurs is called the target country. (4) Carry trade is also termed currency carry trade; this strategy is speculative in that the currency risk is present and not managed or hedged. (Moffett) Although there are several complicatedRead MoreFinance, Banking And Finance Industry2170 Words   |  9 Pagescomplete your transaction and move on with your day. The last thing on your mind is how that transaction is taking place. You don’t care what happens behind the scenes as long as your money is where it needs to be and is safe. 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(Moffett) Although there are several complicatedRead MoreFinance998 Words   |  4 PagesPlant Improvements Total Investments: total investment in plant and equipment brought forward from the Production spreadsheet. Sales of Plant and Equipment : total sales of plant and equipment brought foraad from the Production spreadsheet. Common Stock * Shares Outstanding: The number of shares of common stock in the hands of shareholders. Reflect any issue/ retire stock transaction at the beginning of this year * Price Per Share: stock price as of yesterday’s close. Stock will be issuedRead MoreInternal Sources Of Finance And Finance Essay2349 Words   |  10 PagesInternal sources of finance: Internal sources of finance are funds that arise from within the business such as profits as they can be retained to grow the finance and selling assets. Retained profit Retained profit is the money kept in the company after paying dividends. It is used to reinvest in the business or to pay debt. It comes by a business after it makes profit and is kept separate to use in other ways such as expanding the business by developing new buildings or certain areas, buying new

Reference Notes for Adobe Photoshop Free Essays

Restoring default preferences On the desktop, double-click the Adobe Photoshop icon to start Adobe Photoshop and then immediately hold down Ctrl-Alt-Shift (Windows) or Command-Option-Shift (Mac OS) to reset the default settings. Undoing multiple actions The Undo command (CONTOL + z) reverses only one step. However, you can still step back through multiple actions using the History palette. We will write a custom essay sample on Reference Notes for Adobe Photoshop or any similar topic only for you Order Now By default, the Photoshop History palette retains only the last 20 actions. You can change the number of levels in the History palette by choosing Edit gt; Preferences gt; GeneralYou can also use CONTROL + ALT + z to undo more than 1 action Tools †¢ The marquee tools make rectangular, elliptical, single row, and single column selections. †¢ The Move tool moves selections, layers, and guides. †¢ The lasso tools make freehand, polygonal (straightedge), and magnetic* (snap-to) selections. †¢ The Magic Wand tool selects similarly colored areas. †¢ The Crop tool trims images. †¢ The Slice tool creates slices. †¢ The Slice Select tool selects slices. †¢ The Healing Brush tool* paints with a sample or pattern to repair imperfections in an image. The Spot Healing Brush tool* quickly removes blemishes and imperfections from photographs with a uniform background.†¢ The Red Eye tool* removes red-eye in flash photos with one click. †¢ The Patch tool* repairs imperfections in a selected area of an image using a sample or pattern. †¢ The Color Replacement tool* substitutes one color for another. †¢ The Brush tool paints brush strokes. †¢ The Pencil tool paints hardedged strokes. †¢ The Clone Stamp tool paints with a sample of an image. †¢ The Pattern Stamp tool* paints with a part of an image as a pattern. The History Brush tool* paints a copy of the selected state or snapshot into the current image window. †¢ The Art History Brush tool* paints stylized strokes that simulate the look of different paint styles, using a selected state or snapshot. †¢ The Eraser tool erases pixels and restores parts of an image to a previously saved state.†¢ The Magic Eraser tool erases solid-colored areas to transparency with a single click. †¢ The Background Eraser tool* erases areas to transparency by dragging. †¢ The Gradient tool* creates straight-line, radial, angle, reflected, and diamond blends between colors. The Paint Bucket tool fills similarly colored areas with the foreground color. †¢ The Blur tool* blurs hard edges in an image. †¢ The Sharpen tool* sharpens soft edges in an image. †¢ The Smudge tool* smudges data in an image. †¢ The Dodge tool* lightens areas in an image. †¢ The Burn tool* darkens areas in an image. †¢ The Sponge tool* changes the color saturation of an area. †¢ The path selection tools* make shape or segment selections showing anchor points, direction lines, and direction points.†¢ The type tools create type on an image. †¢ The type mask tools* create a selection in the shape of type. The pen tools* draw smooth-edged paths. †¢ The Custom Shape tool* makes customized shapes selected from a custom shape list. †¢ The annotations tools* make notes and audio annotations that can be attached to an image. †¢ The Eyedropper tool samples colors in an image. †¢ The Sharpen tool* sharpens soft edges in an image. †¢ The Smudge tool* smudges data in an image. †¢ The Dodge tool* lightens areas in an image. †¢ The Burn tool* darkens areas in an image. †¢ The Sponge tool* changes the color saturation of an area. †¢ The path selection tools* make shape or segment selections showing anchor points, irection lines, and direction points. †¢ The type tools create type on an image. †¢ The type mask tools* create a selection in the shape of type. †¢ The pen tools* draw smooth-edged paths. †¢ The Custom Shape tool* makes customized shapes selected from a custom shape list. †¢ The annotations tools* make notes and audio annotations that can be attached to an image. †¢ The Eyedropper tool samples colors in an image. Using a context menu Context menus are short menus that are appropriate to specific elements in the work area. They are sometimes referred to as â€Å"right-click† or â€Å"shortcut† menus.Usually, the commands on a context menu are also available in some other area of the user interface, but using the context menu can save time. Palettes and palette locations Photoshop palettes are powerful and varied. You rarely would have a project in which you needed to see all palettes simultaneously. That’s why they’re in palette groups and why the default configurations leave some palettes unopened. The complete list of palettes appears on the Window menu, with check marks by the names of the palettes that are open at the front of their palette groups.You can open a closed palette or close an open one by selecting the palette name on the Window menu. You can hide all palettes at once—including the tool options bar and toolbox—by Pressing the Tab key. To reopen them, press Tab again. Expanding and collapsing palettes You can also resize a palette to see more or fewer of the available options it contains, either by dragging or clicking to toggle between preset sizes. †¢ To change the height of a palette, drag its lower right corner. †¢ To expand a palette to show as much as possible of its contents, click the minimize/ maximize button (Windows) or the zoom button (Mac OS).Click a second time to collapse the palette group. The toolbox and the tool options bar share some characteristics with the other palettes: You can drag the toolbox by its title bar to a different location in the work area. You can move the tool options bar to another location by dragging the grab bar at the far left end of the palette. You can hide the toolbox and tool options bar. However, there are other palette features that are not available or do not apply to the toolbox or tool options bar: You cannot group the toolbox or tool options bar with other palettes.You cannot resize the toolbox or tool options bar. You cannot dock the toolbox in the palette well. (The same is true for the tool options bar, because the palette well appears on the tool options bar. ) The toolbox and tool options bar do not have palette menus. You can drag the toolbox by its title bar to a different location in the work area. You can move the tool options bar to another location by dragging the grab bar at the far left end of the palette. You can hide the toolbox and tool options bar.However, there are other palette features that are not available or do not apply to the toolbox or tool options bar: You cannot group the toolbox or tool options bar with other palettes. You cannot resize the toolbox or tool options bar. You cannot dock the toolbox in the palette well. (The same is true for the tool options bar, because the palette well appears on the tool options bar. ) The toolbox and tool options bar do not have palette menus. Customizing the workspace Choose Window gt; Workspace gt; select the appropriate selection Crop ToolUse the Crop tool to crop images. Select perspective to manipulate the boundaries of the crop area You can crop outside of the canvas to make a larger image Painting with the Spot Healing Brush The Spot Healing Brush tool quickly removes blemishes and other imperfections from photos. It works similarly to the Healing Brush: It paints with sampled pixels from an image or pattern and matches the texture, lighting, transparency, and shading of the sampled pixels to the pixels being healed. Selecting parts of an image Shift adds to the selection Alt subtracts from the selectionLayer Masks Create transparency without being destructive. Click on the layer mask icon in the layers palette and paint black and white to create transparency Quick masks In Adobe Photoshop, you can make temporary masks, called quick masks, or you can create permanent masks and store them as special grayscale channels called alpha channels. Photoshop also uses channels to store an image’s color information and information about spot color. Unlike layers, channels do not print. You use the Channels palette to view and work with alpha channels. Creating a quick maskClick the Quick Mask mode button in the toolbox. (By default, you have been working in Standard mode. ) In Quick Mask mode, a red overlay appears, masking and protecting the area outside the selection the way rubylith, or red acetate, masked images in traditional print shops. You can apply changes only to the unprotected area that is visible and selected. Note: A partial selection must exist to see the overlay in Quick Mask mode. Creating an adjustment layer Adjustment layers can be added to an image to apply color and tonal adjustments without permanently changing the pixel values in the image.For example, if you add a Color Balance adjustment layer to an image, you can experiment with different colors repeatedly, because the change occurs only on the adjustment layer. If you decide to return to the original pixel values, you can hide or delete the adjustment layer. Adjustment layers affect all of the layers below it. Layer styles Layer styles are automated special effects that you can apply to a layer. In the Layer Style dialog box, make sure that the Preview check box is selected, or select it now so that you’ll be able to see the changes as you work.Examine the options for Drop Shadow in the Layer Style dialog box. You can either leave them at the default settings, or experiment with various changes until you like the results you see in the image window. To copy a selection or a layer Use the move tool while pressing the ALT key to make a copy of the selection or the layer Typographic Design When you add type to an image in Photoshop, the characters are composed of pixels and have the same resolution as the image file—zooming in on characters shows jagged edges.However, Photoshop preserves the vector-based type outlines and uses them when you scale or resize type, save a PDF or EPS file, or print the image to a PostScript printer. As a result, you can produce type with crisp, res olution-independent edges, apply effects and styles to type, and transform its shape and size. Type tool tricks †¢ Shift-click in the image window with the Type tool (T) to create a new type layer—in case you’re close to another block of type and Photoshop tries to auto select it. Double-click the T thumbnail icon on any text layer in the Layers palette to select all of the type on that layer. †¢ With any text selected right-click (Windows) or Control-click (Mac OS) on the text to access the contextual menu. Choose Check Spelling to run a spell check. †¢ Text on a path – create a path – select the type tool and bring the tool close to the path. When the tool changes appearance, start typing! Your text will be on the path!! Warping a layer Use the free transform tool (CONTROL + t) and select the warp icon to add curves to your selection How to cite Reference Notes for Adobe Photoshop, Papers

Friday, April 24, 2020

Ode On Grecian Urn Essays - Literature, Poetry, British Poetry

Ode On Grecian Urn Imagine the following: a bride dressed in white on her wedding day, savage men chasing after women, the lingering subject of love, or a peaceful, uncorrupted town. What do these topics have in common? Through the use of these topics, John Keats portrays the theme of eternal innocence and the sufficiency of beauty throughout his poem, "Ode on a Grecian Urn." In the first stanza of the poem which has a rhyme scheme of ababcdedce, Keats introduces the theme of eternal innocence and the sufficiency of beauty with reference to the "unravished bride of quietness." Accepting her purity of not yet engaging in the sexual actions of marriage, the urn portrays the bride in this state, and she will remain like so forever. Also in the first stanza, Keats uses the literary technique of cacophony to describe savage men chasing women into the dark, mysterious, and savage woods. Some of the cacophonic words include "thy, Arcady, and ecstasy." Using these words, Keats makes the urn capture the picture of the chase before any sexual desires or intentions are fulfilled. Since the urn ceases to describe anything past the chase itself, the situation is purely innocent with beauty thus complying with the theme. Also evident throughout the second and third stanzas is the theme of eternal innocence and beauty. Keats writes of a young man sitting under a tree with the girl whom he loves. He is playing a pan flute to the girl expressing his passion for her through music. Once captured by Story2 the urn, the picture will remain like so forever. The trees with the leaves, the maiden, and the young man himself will always remain the same. He will always play the flute and can never kiss the girl. Keats uses the following lines in this stanza: "She cannot fade, though thou hast not thy bliss, / For ever wilt thou love, and she be fair!" These lines simply mean that the boy doesn't have the bliss of the kiss; but the poet says not to worry because the young maiden will always be remain by his side, young and beautiful. The urn captures her innocence. Therefore, since the maiden and the young man never actually have a sexual contact relationship, their love is pure, innocent, and eternal thus complying with the theme of eternal innocence and beauty. Continuing to the fourth stanza, the theme of eternal innocence and beauty is profound with the subject of a peaceful, uncorrupted town. The urn presents a priest leading a heifer dressed in garland up to an altar. The people from the town are on their way to the altar. The town symbolizes the potential of man (cheating, lying, pride, and envy). Then, as the story continues, a bit of irony becomes present. The people are portrayed to have taken over a spiritual nature of innocence and purity. They are spiritual in nature as depicted by the urn; but not even five minutes later, they plan to sacrifice the heifer. But, once again, by freezing in time the picture of innocence, the urn does not represent the corrupted image that is about to take place. It has caught the people in a holy moment, and it has caught the town as an empty picture of beauty. Therefore, Keats once again demonstrates eternal innocence and beauty by capturing on the urn the picture of an uncorrupted town and a group of holy people. In the last stanza, Keats tells the reader he has teased their thought by convincing that the theme of innocence and beauty are ever present in society. This last stanza leaves the reader with mixed emotions as a result of the mixed imagery. This means that the narrator voices Story3 protests of the superiority of the world captured in the Arcadian scenes (first stanza), but is perplexed by the unanswered questions stemming from the silence of the "Cold Pastoral" in the last stanza. He is primarily trying to tease the thought process by making the reader think of something eternal. Also adding to the confusion is the most famous part of the poem that lies within the couplet at the conclusion of the ode. Keats metaphorically penned these lines: "Beauty is truth, truth beauty,--that is all/ Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know." It is said that even Keats was not clear of the exact message presented by this statement. Most critics think he used the terms of truth and beauty in a Platonic sense, as verbal representations of